What Is The Controversial Islamic ‘Sharia’ Law, And In Which Countries Does It Apply?

The Shariah is Islamic law, which is part of the faith arising from the Qur’an and the Hadith, the sayings and actions of the prophet Muhammad. Its application is currently the subject of dispute between conservative and liberal Muslims, although some aspects are widely accepted, such as its application to the banking system.

The “hudud” is the harshest punishment reserved for crimes such as rape, robbery, murder, and behaviors considered by them as ‘sins,’ such as adultery and homosexual sex. These punishments are rarely carried out, as many offenses must be proven by confession or witnessed by several adult Muslim men.

Saudi Arabia

Sharia is the basis of Saudi law, and until very recently, it was common for “hudud” to be applied in public. Homosexuality is illegal and punishable by execution, although the actual penalty is often limited to a beating or jail.

Decapitation and sword amputations used to be held on Fridays. In extreme cases, such as child abuse, the convicted person was crucified after execution.


The Constitution of Afghanistan is based on Islamic law, but its interpretation traditionally depended on local customs and tribal traditions. The Taliban applied a brutal interpretation of sharia during their time in power (1996-2001). Women were forbidden from leaving their homes without a male escort and without wearing a burqa, and “hudud” was widespread.

The militants, who now control more territory in Afghanistan than at any time since 2001, are reimposing their strict interpretation of Sharia.


The conservative province of Aceh, which has had special autonomy since 2001, is the only one in Indonesia – the country with the largest Muslim population globally – that imposes Islamic law. In this region on the tip of Sumatra’s island, public beatings are common for offenses such as gambling, alcohol consumption, adultery, and homosexuality, and have wide support among the population.


Sudan adopted sharia in 1983 but has applied it randomly since, according to activists. Stoning continues to appear as punishment but has not been applied for decades.

Nevertheless, the activists denounce that hundreds of women are beaten each year for “immoral behavior” based on the penal code. In recent weeks, several protesters were sentenced to beatings for protesting against President Omar al Bashir, but an appeal court suspended the sentence.


In 1979, the military dictator Zia ul Haq introduced the Hudud Ordinances in a current Islamization of Pakistan. The sharia courts, which operate in parallel to conventional courts that apply the Pakistan Penal Code, dealt with adultery cases, false accusations in court, property crimes, and drug and alcohol prohibition.


At least 12 of the 36 states in Nigeria apply sharia in criminal matters, and the courts can request amputations, although very few were carried out.

The Islamic state

Although it is not a country, the Islamic State (ISIS) group established its “caliphate” – defeated on March 23 – its courts and implemented a brutal interpretation of Islam in the areas it controlled in Syria and Iraq.

He punished alleged crimes such as robbery, alcohol consumption, adultery, and homosexuality, and carried out beheadings, stoning, amputations, and threw men suspected of homosexuality from buildings.…

Women In Islam: What Not Yet

Much is said and speculated about the role of women in Islam. In times of international demand for women’s rights, in which the spaces won are celebrated and the voices that point out those who have yet to be conquered feel strong, the “question of women in Islam” is undoubtedly a debate be on the table.

From extremely distant times, in all societies of the world, women have fought different “battles” to win leading spaces that allow them to obtain civil rights equal to men.

However, these battles have been more fruitful –and in less time– for some than for others, given the religious and cultural differences, but especially the customs that coexist in the planet’s vast regions.

There are many, if not countless, diversities and adversities that can separate one woman from another in the world. Although all humans share certain anatomy that unites them as a species, the fact of being born in one part of the world makes that person a completely different being from another that does not belong there.

This is why, based on this idea, when we think about Islam and women’s question, we must consider that beyond what is properly established by religion, there are a whole series of factors – cultural, political, economic, among others. – that affect their conception within the society in which they live, regardless of whether Islam is their religion or not.

The Quran in Islam

Let us remember that Islam is a religion with more than 1,800 million people in the world, but that around 280 million of them are of Arab origin. Some 54 countries have Islam as their official religion, among them the 22 countries of the League of Arab States.

Let us also remember that Indonesia, a non-Arab but Muslim country, is the nation with the largest number of Muslims globally. That of the more than 1,800 million Muslims globally, 85% profess the Sunni trend, while the remaining 15% is Shiite (and is located mainly in Iran and Iraq).

Now, the sharia, also known as Islamic law, is applied in some of these countries. The Islamic legislation starts from the Koran, the holy book of Islam, and the Sunna, which contains teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. It is from where Islamic jurisprudence draws the laws.

The Koran, in addition to being the word of Allah, god for Islam, is a code of conduct for how a Muslim should live and how Muslims should behave with those who are not; Through 114 suras (chapters) and verses (verses), this book lays out standards of conduct for women and men.

Sharia regulates the individual aspects that govern the life of a Muslim, such as the five pillars of Islam (the profession of faith, ritual prayer, almsgiving, fasting and pilgrimage to Mecca), as well as the aspects that deal with family relationships, which are the most debated, such as the guardianship of the wife, the wife’s dowry to her husband, the authority he possesses and the unilateral right to dissolve the marriage, asymmetry in conjugal duties and unequal inheritance rights based on gender.…

What Strategy To Follow In The Face Of A Price War?

When we are faced with a conflict of this type, we have two options: to leave the rag and leave our prices as they were or join the price war. Each option has its pros and cons, so we will have to evaluate different aspects to decide how to deal with that price war. The first of all will be to determine if it is a specific, promotional strategy – we will let it pass or a continuous movement, where we will have to look for an answer.

In the event of a continuous movement, we must analyze the differences in response strategies. One of them is to prepare a counterattack, for which we will analyze our cost structure against that of the company that has launched that price war. If you have an advantageous position, take advantage, and redefine your business strategy. To damage the other company, you can reduce prices to increase your containers’ capacity, offer 2×1 or similar offers, etc. Of course, when we attack, we run the risk of rushing.

If you don’t want to go on the attack, you can take a defensive position and analyze the situation cold. On the one hand, we must investigate why they have declared this price war on us, and on the other hand, we must assert our product above any conflict, keeping us out of this price war. If the brand is established, it is easier to ignore this first stake. You have a portfolio of loyal buyers who will continue to trust a brand or product regardless of price.